Frank is the debut album of English recording artist Amy Winehouse, released 20 October 2003 on Island Records. Production for the album took place during 2002 to 2003 and was handled by Winehouse, Salaam Remi, Commissioner Gordon, Jimmy Hogarth, and Matt Rowe. Its title alludes to the nature and tone of Winehouse's lyrics on the album.
Upon its release, Frank received generally positive reviews from most music critics and earned Winehouse several accolades, including an Ivor Novello Award. Since its original release in the United Kingdom, the album has been reissued in Canada, the United States, and Australia. It has been certified triple platinum by the British Phonographic Industry, with shipments in excess of 900,000 copies in the UK.
Release and promotion
The album was released by Island Records in October 2003 in the United Kingdom, and in the United States on 20 November 2007. The album spawned the singles "Stronger Than Me", "Take the Box", "In My Bed"/"You Sent Me Flying", and "Fuck Me Pumps"/"Help Yourself". The album was reissued in a deluxe edition in the UK on 12 May 2008. This edition includes an eighteen-track bonus disc including rare tracks, remixes, b-sides and live performances. In New Zealand, with the album re-released as a "Deluxe Edition", it debuted at number twenty-six on the week starting 19 May 2008, nearly five years after it was originally released.
The album entered the UK Albums Chart at number 60 before climbing to number thirteen in January 2004. It has since been certified double platinum for shipment of more than 600,000 copies. During the chart run of Winehouse's second album, 2006's Back to Black, Frank re-entered the UK Albums Chart at number 22 in February 2007, as well as at number 40 on two separate occasions in May 2007, becoming a mainstay of the UK album chart throughout 2007. As of November 2007 it had sold a total of 495,891 copies in the UK. As of mid-March 2008, it had sold 675,000 copies in the UK, and had sold 362,700 since February 2007, making it 2007's 37th biggest-selling album, despite its original release four years earlier. It sold a further 228,000 copies in 2008, five years after its release. The album sold approximately 22,000 copies in its first week of release in the United States. Following the 2008 Grammy Awards, the album re-entered the chart and climbed to number 67.
Frank received generally positive reviews from most music critics. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the album received an average score of 78, based on 11 reviews, which indicates "generally favorable reviews".. Metacritic. Retrieved on 31 June 2010. Billboard called the album "stellar" and Winehouse's vocals "wobblier than now, yet still astounding."Hope, Clover G. (1 December 2007), "Frank". Billboard. 119 (48):65 Allmusic writer John Bush gave it 4 out of 5 stars and called Winehouse "an excellent vocalist possessing both power and subtlety".Bush, John. . Allmusic. Retrieved on 31 June 2010. Nate Chinen of The New York Times lauded her original lyrics and described the album's musical style as "glossy admixture of breezy funk, dub and jazz-inflected soul".Chinen, Nate. . The New York Times. Retrieved on 31 June 2010. The A.V. Clubs Nathan Rabin commended its loose, organic songcraft and wrote that it "features languid, wide-open neo-soul grooves and jazzy vamping".Rabin, Nathan. . The A.V. Club. Retrieved on 31 June 2010. BBC Collective writer Matt Walton called it "an honest, refreshingly personal record" and noted its music as "classic jazz crooning dirtied with her other influences - Ben Folds Five, Stevie Wonder and Miss Dynamite".Walton, Matt. . BBC Collective. Retrieved on 31 June 2010. New York Daily News writer Jim Farber commended Winehouse's "brutal honesty" and wrote that it "shows none of the stumble of an artist's baby steps... a remarkably assured debut".Farber, Jim. . New York Daily News. Retrieved on 31 June 2010.
Beccy Lindon of The Guardian described Winehouse's sound as "somewhere between Nina Simone and Erykah Badu... at once innocent and sleazy".Lindon, Beccy. . The Guardian. Retrieved on 31 June 2010. Entertainment Weeklys Chris Willman found its musical style reminiscent of Sade.Willman, Chris. . Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved on 31 June 2010. MusicOMH's John Murphy compared Winehouse's vocals to those of Macy Gray and Erykah Badu, while noting her lyrics as "commendably feisty and, as the album title suggests, frank".Murphy, John. . MusicOMH. Retrieved on 31 June 2010. BBC Online writer Greg Boraman commented on her influences, stating "Amy's influences (Vaughan, Dinah Washington and the more contemporary like Badu et al) are obvious but not over powering and Winehouse has enough attitude, talent and chutzpah to make any comparisons fleeting and pointless".Boraman, Greg. . BBC Online. Retrieved on 31 June 2010. Dan Cairns of The Times commended its "hybrid" sound and called the album "a staggeringly assured, sit-up-and-listen debut, both commercial and eclectic, accessible and uncompromising".Cairns, Dan. . The Times. Retrieved on 31 June 2010. The album was nominated for two BRIT Awards and was short-listed for the Mercury Music Prize. BBC, accessed 07/11/07 It earned Winehouse an Ivor Novello Award. The album was included in the 2006 book 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die, edited by Robert Dimery.
In retrospective reviews for both Pitchfork Media and Rolling Stone, critic Douglas Wolk expressed a mixed response towards Winehouse's themes and connected them to her public image at the time,Wolk, Douglas. . Pitchfork Media. Retrieved on 31 June 2010.Wolk, Douglas. . Rolling Stone. Retrieved on 31 June 2010. writing in the former review, "in the light of her subsequent career, Frank comes off as the first chapter in the Romantic myth of the poet who feels too deeply and ends up killing herself for her audience's entertainment". Adversely, PopMatters writer Mike Joseph stated in his review of its re-release, "What Frank winds up reinforcing is the fact that Winehouse’s success... is based on pure talent rather than good producers or gimmicks".Joseph, Mike. . PopMatters. Retrieved on 31 June 2010. The Washington Posts Bill Friskics-Warren noted most of its content as "sultry ballads and shambling neo-soul jams", while writing that it "more than confirms what the fuss over Winehouse -- then just 19 and with a lot fewer tattoos -- was originally all about... her attitude and command were already there. And then some".Friskics-Warren, Bill. . The Washington Post. Retrieved on 31 June 2010. Elysa Gardner of USA Today wrote "The re-release actually shows more range, wit and distinction than Black did... Winehouse fuses her influences with such breezy authority that the songs never sound flagrantly derivative or stale".Gardner, Elysa. . USA Today. on 31 June 2010.
* Vocals: Amy Winehouse
* Guitar: Amy Winehouse, Binky Griptite, Thomas Brenneck, Earl "Chinna" Smith
* Harp: Helen Tunstall
* Violin: Perry Montague-Mason, Chris Tombling, Tom Pigott-Smith, Warren Zielinski, Boguslaw Kostecki, Liz Edwards, Mark Berrow, Peter Hanson, Everton Nelson, Jonathan Rees
* Viola: Jon Thorne, Katie Wilkinson, Rachel Bolt, Bruce White
* Cello: John Heley, Joely Koos, Anthony Pleeth
* Alto Saxophone: Andy Mackintosh, Chris Davies
* Tenor Saxophone: Jamie Talbot, Mike Smith, Neal Sugarman
* Baritone Saxophone: Ian Hendrickson-Smith, Vincent Henry, Dave Bishop
* Trumpet: Steve Sidwell, Dave Guy
* Bass Trumpet: Bruce Purse
* Tenor Trombone: Richard Edwards
* Tenor Sax: Teo Avery
* Bass Guitar: Salaam Remi, Nick Movshon, Gregory "Mr Bassie" Jackson
* Rhodes Piano: John Adams, Teo Avery, Amy Winehouse
* Drums: Troy Auxilly-Wilson, Homer Steinweiss, Errol "Crusty" Campbell
* Percussion: Frank Ricotti
* Hand-Claps: Vaughan Merrick, Mark Ronson, Victor Axelrod
* Rhythm and sound effects: The RZA
Chart positions and certifications
ReferencesThis text has been derived from Frank (Amy Winehouse album) on Wikipedia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License 3.0
Amy Jade Winehouse (born 14 September 1983) People.com. is an English singer-songwriter, known for her eclectic mix of various musical genres including R&B, soul, and jazz. Winehouse is best known for her powerful contralto vocals The Observer. 2007. and substance abuse and mental health issues. BBC.com. 29 August 2007. In 2005, she went through a period of drinking, heavy drug use, violent mood swings and weight loss.
Winehouse's 2003 debut album Frank was critically successful in the UK, and was nominated for the Mercury Prize. Her 2006 follow-up album Back to Black led to six Grammy Award nominations and five wins, tying the record for the most wins by a female artist in a single night, and made Winehouse the first British singer to win five Grammys,. BBC Worldwide America. 11 February 2008. Retrieved 12 February 2008.Winehouse, Alex (13 February 2008). . The Times. including three of the "Big Four": Best New Artist, Record of the Year and Song of the Year. On 14 February 2007, she won a BRIT Award for Best British Female Artist; she had also been nominated for Best British Album. She has won the Ivor Novello Award three times, one in 2004 for Best Contemporary Song (musically and lyrically) for "Stronger Than Me", one in 2007 for Best Contemporary Song for "Rehab", and one in 2008 for Best Song Musically and Lyrically for "Love Is a Losing Game", among other prestigious distinctions. The album was the third biggest seller of the 2000s in the United Kingdom. Winehouse has agreed to form a group with The Roots drummer ?uestlove.
Winehouse has been credited as being an influence in the rise in popularity of female musicians and soul music and revitalising British music. Winehouse's distinctive style has been the muse for fashion designers such as Karl Lagerfeld. The singer's problems with drug and alcohol abuse, as well as self-destructive behaviour, have become regular tabloid news since 2007. She and her former husband, Blake Fielder-Civil, were plagued by legal troubles that left him serving prison time. In 2008, Winehouse faced a series of health complications that threatened both her career and her life.
Winehouse was born in the Southgate area of north London to a Jewish family Mitch Winehouse, My Daughter Amy who were the source of her interest for jazz.Mulholland, Garry. The Observer. 1 February 2004. Retrieved on 28 October 2006. She was raised in a family of four: her father Mitchell (taxi driver), her mother Janis (pharmacist), and her older brother Alex.Eliscu, Jenny. (14 June 2007), Rolling Stone. (1028):58–69. Retrieved 14 December 2007. Mitchell would constantly sing around the house, often singing Frank Sinatra to young Amy, who also took to a constant habit of singing to the point that teachers found it difficult keeping her quiet in class.Sanderson, Elizabeth. Daily Mail. 18 August 2007. Retrieved on 1 July 2008.
When Winehouse was nine years old, her grandmother, Cynthia, suggested she attend the Susi Earnshaw Theatre School for further training.Sandall, Robert. The Times. 27 July 2008. At age ten, Winehouse founded a short-lived rap group called Sweet 'n' Sour with childhood friend Juliette Ashby. She stayed at the Earnshaw school for four years before seeking full time training at Sylvia Young Theatre School, but was allegedly expelled at 14 for "not applying herself" and for piercing her nose. With other children from the Sylvia Young School, she appeared in an episode of The Fast Show in 1997. She later attended the BRIT School in Selhurst, CroydonBraddock, Kevin. The Independent 28 January 2007. Accessed: 17 May 2008. and attended Southgate School and Ashmole School., The Gay & Lesbian Awards, Retrieved 27 May 2009.
After toying with her brother's guitar, Winehouse received her first guitar when she was 13, and began writing music a year later. She began working soon after, including as a showbiz journalist for the World Entertainment News Network, in addition to singing with a jazz band. Her sometimes boyfriend at the time, soul singer Tyler James, sent her demo tape to an A&R person. Winehouse signed to Simon Fuller's 19 Management in 2002. While being developed by the management company, the artist was kept an industry secret. Her future A&R at Island/Universal, Darcus Beese, heard her by accident when the manager of The Lewinson Brothers showed him some productions of his clients on which Winehouse featured as vocalist. When he asked who the singer was the manager told him he was not allowed to say. Having decided that he wanted to sign her it took several months of asking around for Beese to eventually discover who the singer was. By this time Winehouse had already recorded a number of songs and signed a publishing deal with EMI. Through the publishers she formed a working relationship with the producer Salaam Remi.
Beese introduced Winehouse to his boss, Nick Gatfield, and the Island head shared his enthusiasm in signing the young artist. Winehouse was signed to Island/Universal as rival interest in Winehouse had started to build, with representatives at EMI and Virgin also starting to make moves. Beese told HitQuarters that he felt the reason behind the excitement over an artist who was an atypical pop star for the time was due to a backlash against reality TV music shows with audiences becoming starved for genuine young talent.
Major label success
Amy Winehouse 2.jpgthumb250pxleftPerforming at the Bowery Ballroom, New York City
Winehouse's debut album, Frank, was released on 20 October 2003. Produced mainly by Salaam Remi, many songs were influenced by jazz and, apart from two covers, every song was co-written by Winehouse. The album received positive reviews. Google.com. Retrieved on 20 November 2006.Lindon, Beccy. The Guardian. 17 October 2003. Retrieved on 4 November 2006. with compliments over the "cool, critical gaze" in its lyricsBush, John. . allmusic.com. Retrieved on 4 November 2006. and brought comparisons of her voice to Sarah Vaughan,Boraman, Greg. . BBC.co.uk. 27 November 2003. Retrieved on 4 November 2006. Macy Gray and others.
The album entered the upper levels of the UK album chart in 2004 when it was nominated for BRIT Awards in the categories of "British Female Solo Artist" and "British Urban Act". It went on to achieve platinum sales.. Retrieved on 28 October 2006. Later in 2004, she won the Ivor Novello songwriting Award for Best Contemporary Song, alongside Salaam Remi, with her contribution to the first single, "Stronger Than Me".. ASCAP.com. Retrieved on 28 October 2006. The album also made the short list for the 2004 Mercury Music Prize. In the same year, she performed at the Glastonbury festival, on the Jazzworld stage, and at the V Festival. After the release of the album, Winehouse commented that she was "only 80 percent behind album" because of the inclusion by her record label of certain songs and mixes she disliked.
In contrast to her jazz-influenced former album, Winehouse's focus shifted to the girl groups of the 1950s and 1960s. Winehouse hired New York singer Sharon Jones's longtime band, the Dap-Kings to back her up in the studio and on tour.Sisario, Ben. New York Times. 29 September 2007. Retrieved on 13 December 2007. In May 2006, Winehouse's demonstration tracks such as "You Know I'm No Good" and "Rehab" appeared on Mark Ronson's New York radio show on East Village Radio. These were some of the first new songs played on the radio after the release of "Pumps" and both were slated to appear on her second album. The 11-track album was produced entirely by Salaam Remi and Ronson, with the production credits being split between them. Ronson said in a 2010 interview that he liked working with Winehouse because she was blunt when she did not like his work. Promotion of Back to Black soon began, and in early October 2006, Winehouse's official website was re-launched with a new layout and clips of previously unreleased songs. Back to Black was released in the UK on 30 October 2006. It went to number one on the UK Albums Chart numerous times, and entered at number seven on the Billboard 200 in the United States. It was the best-selling album in the UK in 2007, selling 1.85 million copies over the year.. BBC News. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
The album spawned a number of singles. The first single released from the album was the Ronson-produced "Rehab". The song reached the top ten in the UK and US.. acharts.us. 18 December 2007. Time magazine named "Rehab" one of the 10 Best Songs of 2007, ranking it at number one. Writer Josh Tyrangiel praised Winehouse for her confidence, opining, "What she is mouthy, funny, sultry, and quite possibly crazy" and, "It's impossible not to be seduced by her originality. Combine it with production by Mark Ronson that references four decades worth of soul music without once ripping it off, and you've got the best song of 2007."Tyrangiel, Josh. Time.com. The album's second single and lead single in the U.S., "You Know I'm No Good", was released in January 2007 with a remix featuring rap vocals by Ghostface Killah. It ultimately reached number 18 on the UK singles chart. The title track, "Back to Black", was released in the UK in April 2007 and peaked at number 25, but was more successful across mainland Europe.. acharts.us. Retrieved 30 August 2007. "Tears Dry on Their Own", "Love Is a Losing Game" and "Just Friends" were also released as singles, but failed to achieve the same level of success.. acharts.us. Retrieved 30 August 2007.
A deluxe edition of Back to Black was also released on 5 November 2007 in the UK. The bonus disc features B-sides, rare, and live tracks, as well as "Valerie". Winehouse's debut DVD I Told You I Was Trouble: Live in London was released the same day in the U.K. and 13 November in the U.S. It includes a live set recorded at London's Shepherds Bush Empire and a 50-minute documentary charting the singer's career over the previous four years. Universal Republic Records Press release. 2 December 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2007. Frank was released in the United States on 20 November 2007 to positive reviews.Friskics-Warren, Bill. Washington Post 20 November 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2007.Toombs, Mikel. Seattle Post-Intelligencer. 21 November 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2007. The album debuted at number 61 on the Billboard 200 chart.Harris, Chris. MTV.com. 28 November 2007. Retrieved on 13 December 2007. In addition to her own album, she has collaborated with other artists on singles. Winehouse was a vocalist on the song "Valerie" on Ronson's solo album Version. The song peaked at number two in the UK, upon its October single release. The song was nominated for a 2008 Brit Award for "Best British Single". ilikemusic.com Retrieved 13 December 2007.Colothan, Scott. . Hi-HopElements.com. 26 November 2007. Retrieved 13 December 2007.. ilikemusic.com. Retrieved on 13 December 2007. Her work with ex-Sugababe Mutya Buena, "B Boy Baby," was released on 17 December 2007. It served as the fourth single from Buena's solo debut album Real Girl.. egigs.co.uk. 14 January 2008.
Continued success and acclaim
Amy Winehouse f5104871.jpgthumb250pxrightPerforming at Eurockéennes 2007
By year's end, Winehouse had garnered numerous accolades and awards. The singer won 2008 Grammy Awards in the categories of Record of the Year, Song of the Year, and Best Female Pop Vocal Performance for the single "Rehab", while her album Back to Black was nominated for Album of the Year and won the Best Pop Vocal Album award. Los Angeles Times. Producer Mark Ronson's work with her won the award in the Producer of the Year Non-Classical category. Los Angeles Times. The singer also earned a Grammy in the Best New Artist category. This earned Winehouse an entry in the 2009 edition of the Guinness Book of World Records for Most Grammy Awards won by a British Female Act.. She performed "You Know I’m No Good" and "Rehab" at the awards ceremony via satellite, as her visa approval came through too late for her to travel to the U.S. She said "This is for London because Camden town is burning down," in reference to the Camden Market fire.Gamboa, Glenn. Newsday. 11 February 2008. After the Grammy Awards, album sales increased catapulting Back to Black to number two on the U.S. Billboard 200 after initially peaking at number seven.Martens, Todd. Los Angeles Times. 20 February 2008. On 13 January 2008, Back to Black held the number one position on the Billboard Pan European charts for the third straight week. Billboard.com. 14 January 2008. In January 2008, Universal Music International said it believed that there was a correlation between number of albums sold and the extensive media coverage the singer had received.Colothan, Scott. Gigwise.com. 31 January 2008.
Amy Winehouse Eurockeennes 2007.jpgthumb190pxleftPerforming at Eurockéennes in Belfort, Territoire de Belfort, France on 29 June 2007 A special deluxe edition of "Back to Black" topped the UK album charts on 2 March 2008. The original edition of the album resided at the number 30 position, in its 68th week on the charts, while "Frank" charted at number 35. NME.com. 2 March 2008. By 12 March, the album had sold a total of 2,467,575 copies, 318,350 of those in the previous 10 weeks, putting the album on the UK's top 10 best-selling albums of the 21st century for the first time. NME.com. 12 March 2008. On 7 April, "Back to Black" was residing at the top position on the pan-European charts for the sixth consecutive and thirteenth aggregate week.. Back to Black was the world's seventh biggest selling album for 2008.. These sales helped keep Universal Music's recorded music division from dropping to levels experienced by the overall music market. The Times. 2 September 2008.
At the 2008 Ivor Novello Awards, Winehouse became the first artist to receive two nominations for the top award, best song, musically and lyrically. She won the award for "Love Is a Losing Game" and was nominated for "You Know I'm No Good". The Times. 23 May 2008. "Rehab", a Novello winner for best contemporary song in 2006, also received a 2008 nomination for bestselling British song. The Guardian. 22 April 2008. Winehouse was nominated for a MTV Europe Award in the Act of The Year category.. Amy Winehouse – The Girl Done Good: A Documentary Review, a 78-minute DVD, was released on 14 April 2008. The documentary features interviews with those who knew her at a young age, helped her gain success, jazz music experts, as well as music and pop culture specialists.. Underground Online.. Amazon.co.uk. A clip of Winehouse's music is included in the "Roots and Influences" area that looks at connections between different artists at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Annex NYC, which opened in December 2008. One thread starts with Billie Holiday continues with Aretha Franklin, Mary J. Blige and finishes with Winehouse.. Newark Star Ledger. 4 December 2008. In a poll of United States residents conducted for VisitBritain by Harris Interactive that was released in March 2009, one fifth of those polled indicated they had listened to Winehouse's music during the previous year. United Press International. 13 March 2009. Winehouse performed with Rhythms del Mundo on their cover of the Sam Cooke song "Cupid" for an Artists Project Earth benefit album that was released on 13 July 2009..
Winehouse and Mark Ronson have contributed a cover of Lesley Gore's "It's My Party" for the Quincy Jones tribute album Q Soul Bossa Nostra scheduled for 11 November 2010 release. Winehouse and drummer ?uestlove of the Roots have agreed to form a group. Winehouse's problems obtaining a visa have delayed the still unnamed group from working together. Producer Salaam Remi has already created some material with Winehouse as part of the project. According to a newspaper report, Universal Music pressed her regarding new material in 2008. According to that same report Winehouse as of 2 September had not been near a recording studio. It was noted that she had touring obligations during the summer and also that if an album was quickly recorded, it would be at least a year before an album could be released. In late October, Winehouse's spokesman was quoted as saying that Winehouse has not been given a deadline to complete her third album, for which she is learning to play drums. Virgin Media. 3 November 2008.
During her 2009 stay in St. Lucia Winehouse worked on new music with producer Salaam Remi. It was claimed by Island that a new album would be due in 2010, Island co-president Darcus Beese said, "I've heard a couple of song demos that have absolutely floored me".However the album is yet to be released., 'BBC News'. 9 October 2009. In July 2010 Winehouse was quoted as saying her next album would be released no later than January 2011, which has since passed, saying “It’s going to be very much the same as my second album, where there’s a lot of jukebox stuff and songs that are… just jukebox, really.” Mark Ronson said in July 2010 that he had not started to record the album.
According to The Sun website, Amy's third album is complete and ready for release.This text has been derived from Amy Winehouse on Wikipedia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License 3.0